November 28, 2014 § Leave a comment

In Anna’s lecture this week we talked about surrealism and surreal typography. This lecture was interesting because it related back to my E-sting work, which is inspired by Salvador Dali, who was a huge surrealist.

My notes…

Anna Powell- 28/11/14

[Next week lecture starts at 3:15-5:15]


  • Historic and contemporary
  • Gain understanding of ideologies and philosophies

  • Alphabet by Jindric Heisler, 1952
  • Origins of surrealism- cross over with dada
  • Peoples disillusionment with the world
  • What was happening in the world at the time (politically/socially)
  • What the were interested in- using the visual to express the mind
  • Andre Bretton- surrealist manifesto- wrote during the war
  • Started the literary journal
  • Surrealism is more structured than dada- not attacking everything, had more of a style to it

Theme 1- the unconscious mind

  • More structured/focused
  • Interested in Freuds work in relation to the unconscious mind- and trying to tap into the dream world of the unconscious mind
  • Real focus on Freudien theory
  • We then watched Sigmund Freuds manifesto on surrealism- about the inner conscious of the mind

Andre Masson- bout the subconscious taking over- Automatic drawing

  • About embracing culture

Theme 2- the ‘eye’ as a window

  • Rene Magritte- the false mirror, 1928
  • Developed a philosophy- how do you subvert the ordinary
  • The idea of eyes being a ‘window to the soul’- ‘eye’ used s a strange metaphor
  • Seeing and being seen at the same time

Theme 3- juxtaposition

  • About the order of things- taking ordinary objects ad putting them in strange orders and positions
  • Things that are unsettling that we have already come across but have been arranged/positioned in a way that makes them unsettling
  • Its about transforming things and putting them into a context (juxtaposition)- becomes unsettling

  • Bringing two things together that don’t go together

A ready-made- Marcel Ducamp- fountain, 1917

  • Taking something ordinary and then calling it art
  • Where the Idea is more important than the outcome
  • Doing what Freud and Bretton were talking about- taking something already mad and saying its art and making it disturbing.

Sigmund Freud- the uncanny

  • Freud had a huge influence on surrealism
  • Interested in how we act/who we are
  • Interested in being able to tap into the brain

It was a quite structured movement despite his interest in dreams- there is an order/focus to surrealism and surrealist thinking

Like with dada collage was quite popular…

Max Ernst- (German painter and sculptor)- surrealism and painting, 1942- looking at reflexivity

Salvador Dali- questioning scientific discoveries, celebrated surrealist

Surrealism- looking at the impossible/improbable

  • Uncanny
  • Surrealism and graphic design, the Moravian gallery, Brno, 2010, Czech republic- exhibition put together by Rick Poyner


  • Having lots of different forms
  • Kanel Teige- collage 323, 1946-
  • Conscious and subconscious

Another huge theme in surrealism- was how the ‘body’ was portrayed

Surreal typography

  • Alphabet by Roman Ceislewics for guide de la France mysteriouse, 1964
  • Sagmeister and Walsh- talk less say more, incorporating text with the human body

Elliot Earls, cranbook academy of art poster 2008

(‘Eye’ prevalent in al of design- rots in surrealism)

Edward Fella- coined the idea of automatic design

The marvellous as a theme in surrealism- Andre Bretton

The Quay brothers- animated film/ music poster, 1983

Walter Benjamin- essay- socilforschung

  • As history changes, and new movements emerge we have to find new frameworks to display and understand
  • There has always been different ways of recording the world (Walter recognised this) but he focuses on film and photography

Essay Abstract

November 28, 2014 § Leave a comment

In this lecture we went over the essay structure and format.

My notes…

Darren Raven 28/11/14

  • Essay abstract- in for December the 18th
  • Who, what, where, when, how, whyà your subject/theme/topic
  • Point à example à explain

  • How useful it is to you
  • How hard/easy it is to find resources
  • How you can integrate various topics

Theme 1 how useful is creative advertising- essay structure

  • 500-word essay
  • Roughly 3 pages of A4, 12pt text, double line spacing
  • Structure….

  1. Introduction- help the reader become involved- point and what it is, should include a min outline- first off, next and end with a transitional hook- moves the reader on to the next session
  2. A narration section- contains strongest, most obvious argument, beginning point, best illustration. Provide history of the argument and current context. The circumstances that lead to the claim and why it is relevant.
  3. A confirmation section- contains supporting arguments, examples of quotations and illustrations, supporting evidence and data. And briefly explain the link between section 1 and 2
  4. A refutation section- contains contrasting or conflicting argument- you then briefly discount/refute this argument- shows that you can back up your claim
  5. Conclusion- you should include a restatement of the original argument- summery of the main pints. What you have discussed and a final statement indicating that it has come to an end
  6. Bibliography- APA 6th referencing, trusted sources- not jus blogs etc.… (Opinions), current and


  • Images and diagrams- referenced in text
  • Clearly relevant
  • Captioned appropriately
  • Good quality images



  • Via turn-it-in
  • Appropriate format- word/PDF
  • No feedback if it is submitted late

Cinema 4D Final E-sting part 1

November 26, 2014 § Leave a comment

In this tutorial with Jay we started to put our final design ideas into cinema 4D so that we could create our final E-sting poster. it started off fairly well for me, and I started with drawing up my design as a flat image in illustrator so that I could then go on to extrude my objects in cinema 4D. This started well but I never managed to finish due to personal issues however I fully intend to finish my poster over Christmas at the first opportunity I can.

These were my initial designs that I started before I had to leave—>

We had a look at first working with presets that were already created and then I went on to start designing my sketch in illustrator. It looks a little flat at the moment however it would be extruded in cinema 4d and angled so that it is the structure of the room in my initial sketch and the gaps would be filled in with E4 shaped clock. The design could be turned into a GIF and the hands could be animated to spin and/or the clocks could melt off the wall.

Practice Based Research- part 2

November 24, 2014 § Leave a comment

In this lecture we followed on from last week when Spencer first introduced practice based research…

My notes…

Spencer Roberts- 24/11/14

  • Henk Borgdorff’s position artistic research
  • What Borgdorff brings to the debate

  • Borgdorff tries to bring a creative, constructivist framework
  • He doesn’t think of what art is as a fixed, timeless thing…
  • Relates to James Elkins- Borgdorff is keen to get an artistic research program ‘off the ground’

  • It is responding against another design position
  • Quite conservative
  • Michael Biggs- looked at funding documents, though that they contained definitions of research
  • [HRC forms- the influence + how your work will innovate]
  • [Biggs- that’s what that is- what we are asking for]

  • Borgdorff builds all the information that he needs that supports his artistic research
  • Scientific research is open, about groups of people banding together

[Henk Borgdorff]

  • If all these platforms are in place
  • If artistic research can imitate scientific research, and so you cat distinguish between them
  • They are legitimised
  • Borgdorff is saying that all kinds of research are a performance not just artistic research

Actor network theory

  • ANT- actor network theory- actor = human, microbe, infrastructure (university)
  • Facilitates- post-disciplinarity- not an interdisciplinarity position (where you carve a problem into bits- to manage it)
  • Loose network structure
  • Anything can be an actor in the system
  • His position- is to provide the link
  • About how we engineer these frameworks

(Artistic research catalogue, journal for artistic research- both initiatives from Henk Borgdorff)

ANT- in practice

  • Legacy- symbolic interaction
  • Erving Goffman- studied asylums and what happens in institutions

Specifically the categorizing of schizophrenia

  • He asks some students to tell there doctors that they were hearing a voice saying- hollow, empty, thud
  • This was labelled as schizophrenic behaviour- everything they do from then on while in the institution is also labelled as schizophrenic behaviour-
  • They take notes while they are there and observe the doctors and how they interact with the patients
  • He then steps in and gets the students out of the institutions
  • He (Erving Goffman) received backlash from this for ‘unethical behaviour’
  • He then tells institutions in America that he will do the same thing again- send students into doctors practices there so that they can get diagnosed again and the study continues
  • He didn’t send in students pretending to be patients, however the numbers of diagnosed schizophrenic patients drop because of the idea that some of them could be faking
  • The study is based on interpretations

Thomas Kuhn

  • Science itself shifts
  • Tried to theorise science
  • Book- science wars of the early 80’s

[ANT- contemporary form of process philosophy]

-Massive focus on performance


November 21, 2014 § Leave a comment

In this lecture with Anna she put on a film about the bauhaus and we were asked to fill out a sheet- with questions to think about during the film-

The key themes that I picked out were, machine tamed for the benefit of man, utopian dream- Walter Gropius’s manifesto, developing craft skills, constructive thought, developed the convention of the art student and also form follows function.

Edward de Bono

November 21, 2014 § Leave a comment

In this seiner we learned about Edward de Bono’ thoughts on design and his thinking tools. We also watched his video on creative thinking.


November 19, 2014 § Leave a comment

In sara’s workshop this week we learned how to rotoscope. It is a long drawn out process and it takes ours to even rotoscope seconds, especially if you are not skilled/practiced in after effects. It is a time consuming task but the rewards are sometimes worth it and I am enjoying it. I plan to rotoscope for a couple of hours each week so that I can finish my 10 clip.

Technical notes…

Sara’s workshop- rotoscoping- 19/11/14

  • Import video
  • Remove audio
  • Trim video
  • Preserve constant vertex- in preference settings
  • (after effects- preferences- general- 5 settings down- preserve constant vertex- turn off)
  • CMD short cuts- hold ‘cmd’ + the forward or backward key-
  • To select points one by one- hold shift to deselect key points- then hold shift again to select
  • Adjust each frame

Add effects…

  • Add to each key frame
  • Time re-map- layer menu- time – enable time re-mapping

To hold all frames- CTRL click 1 frame- toggle hold frames

-To drag out toggled work- select all- hold alt- select beginning or the end key frame- the make them shorter or last longer.

Select all- ‘cmd’ c- to copy

‘cmd’ v- paste

Layer menu- new solid

Render settings the same as before when we last animated


Same image needs to be drawn 3 times…. (trace)

Scanned in for digital footage

The technical aspects are similar in both this workshop and the last one in terms of setting up and rendering the document and footage.

Screen Shot 2014-11-30 at 17.25.08

Screen Shot 2014-11-30 at 17.24.45   Screen Shot 2014-11-30 at 17.25.03

links to videos —>

  • This is my very first video, I don’t really like it but I have left it up to show my progress. —>

(The Vimeo video description bellow)

this was my very first attempt at rotoscoping. the original aim was to produce 10 second rotoscoped video, however I only managed to rotoscope about half a second worth of footage in the time given. I then looped the footage but not for the whole 10 seconds because there was not much happening in this first video. Looking back now there are a lot of mistakes, however I plan to go back and finish it in my own free time.

  • This is the second video that I completed without background images. —>

(The Vimeo video description bellow)

This is the second video for my rotoscoping. I have finally finished my final rotoscoping however due to my weekly limit i cannot update it to vimeo yet, however this is an example of what i have done without the added backgrounds that are in my final movie. I managed to rotoscope roughly a second and a half of footage, which I then looped to create d10 seconds worth of film. With this video I just added a magenta colouring as the finish, but i then went on to for my next video adding backgrounds, however this increases the file size.

  • This is the final video link that have done so far —>

(The Vimeo video description bellow)

This is the latest video I have completed on my rototscoping project. It was unnecessary to make more than the first initial video but I enjoyed it so much that I wanted to continue rotoscoping. For this video I just decided to have a little tuna and so I made t look like tommy went travelling, like he was on an adventure or sight seeing.

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